What are the Baltic states?

The Baltic states are three countries in Northern Europe that were all once part of the Russian Empire: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Each country has its own unique history and culture, and a shared interest in maintaining close ties with the rest of Europe.

Baltic States - Estonia

Estonia is a country in Northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea. Although it is small, Estonia has a lot to offer: beautiful scenery, ancient history, and an active cultural life.

One important thing to know about Estonia is that it's a member of the European Union (EU) and the Eurozone. That means that it uses the euro as its currency. Estonia joined the EU in 2004.

Estonia's economy is mainly based on services and manufacturing. It's also known for its high-tech industry, which makes computer components and energy-saving technologies.

Another thing to know about Estonia is that it's a democratic republic. The government is responsible to the people through elections every four years.

Estonia also has a population of about 1.3 million people. Most of them are ethnic Estonians (97%) who speak Estonian as their native language. However there are also immigrants from other countries like Russia, Latvia and Sweden.

Baltic States - Latvia

Latvia is a Baltic nation in Northern Europe. It shares borders with Estonia and Lithuania to the north and south, as well as Latvia's only land border with Russia to the east. The capital and largest city is Riga. Latvia is a member of NATO and the European Union, as well as the Schengen Area. In 2008, it became the first former Soviet nation to join the OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) as an upper middle income country.

Baltic States - Lithuania

Lithuania is a Baltic state in northern Europe. The capital city is Vilnius. Lithuania declared its independence from the Russian Empire in 1918, but was occupied by the Soviet Union from 1940 to 1991. Lithuania joined the European Union in 2004. Today, Lithuania has a population of about 2 million people. The country's economy is primarily service-based, with agriculture, dairy farming and manufacturing all contributing to the economy. Tourism plays a key role in the Lithuanian economy as well, due to its many lakes and beautiful countryside. In addition, Lithuania hosts one of the largest universities in Northern Europe as well as numerous research centers and technology companies.

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